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Quaker Days Videos Up - Help Us Spread the Word!

Thanks to the fine work of Damien Spindler, videos are now available online of our programs for Quaker Days, June 18-19, 2022, held in conjunction with the Macedon Historical Society.


Click on the titles below to see videos of presentations:


Dedication of New Nature Trail Behind 1816 Meetinghouse, Canandaigua Courthouse


To commemorate Juneteenth: Talk by Wayne County Historian Peter Evans on General Gordon Granger from Sodus, New York, who announced the end of slavery to assembled crowds in Galveston, Texas, on June 19, 1865.


Panel on contemporary work for equal rights in western New York today:

Linda Braun, Macedon Historical Society Secretary and town historian, 


Willie Bontrager, Farmington Friends, contemporary peacemaking initiatives 

Nick Leykin, Rochester Friends, Alternatives to Violence Project

Rebecca Conklin, Syracuse Friends, Good Trouble

Jill McClellan, Buffalo Friends, Quaker programs in NYS prison system


Talk by Judith Wellman, “’The Promotion of Truth and Practical Goodness’: Seneca Falls, Quakers, and Race.” 

Our Next Program &
Fourth of July Thoughts

Our next program--Meet a very special woman: Abby Kelley Foster!


Join us on Sunday, July 17, 2022, at the Granger Homestead when we will travel back in time to meet a very special woman. Abby Kelley Foster was one of America’s most celebrated public figures before the Civil War. She spoke all across the country, including in upstate New York—from Utica to Seneca Falls, Waterloo, Williamson, Rochester, and elsewhere. Abby Kelley Foster transformed her audiences with her radical message of abolitionism and woman’s rights. Thanks to her, upstate New York and many other places became hotbeds of anti-slavery and birthplaces of the women’s rights movement.


McKenney Lydick will help us welcome Abby Kelley Foster with her first-person re-enactment entitled “Yours for Humanity, Abby.” Lydick is nationally known for her riveting evocation of Abby. She will take on Abby’s persona and speak the very words that Abby herself spoke. 


Come and be part of Abby’s audience. Experience for yourself the power of Abby’s message. Savor the thoughtful conversation that follows. This is a program you will not want to miss!


All programs are free, with grateful thanks to Humanities New York for their support. 


Where: Granger Homestead, 295 North Main Street, Canandaigua

When: Sunday, July 17, 2022, 2:00 p.m.

Fourth of July Thoughts


On the Fourth of July, more than most other days, we remain challenged by the ringing statement in the Declaration of Independence that “all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.” As always, that ideal remains part of America’s founding heritage. As always, it remains an aspiration (and a debated one), not an accomplishment. 


For one perspective on the meaning of equality in America, hear the words of Frederick Douglass’s famous speech before the Rochester Ladies’ Anti-Slavery Society on July 5, 1852. This selection from “What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?” is presented by young descendants of Douglass.


What did this mean to people in 1852? What does it mean to us today?

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Remembering the Past, Creating the Future 

2022 Programs: Equal Rights for All


Memorial Day is a good day for remembrance. Beginning after the Civil War (some claim in 1866 in Waterloo, New York), Americans have honored those who gave their lives to defend first the Union in the Civil War and then the 1.3 million soldiers who died in all American wars. Today we might also extend that remembrance to include the many victims of violence here at home, including those who died in Aliso Viejo, California; Buffalo, New York; and Ulvade, Texas in just this month of May 2022. We might also remember those who die daily in Ukraine, in prison camps for Uyghur people in China, or in so many other violent conflicts.  


Memorial Day is also a good day for reflection. What role do organizations such as the 1816 Farmington Quaker Meetinghouse Museum play in a world torn by such violence? 


The answer is clear. Our past informs our present. The 1816 Meetinghouse is not just an old building. It represents the commitment of people to implement ideals of the American Declaration of Independence, to carry out the “self-evident” truths that “all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.” 


In this spirit, we invite you to join us for our 2022 programs. Historically, Farmington reformers worked for equal rights for Native Americans, African Americans, and women before the Civil War. In cooperation with other local groups, we have invited a variety of people to help us explore the meaning of their work, past and present.  Focused on “Equal Rights for All,” each program will provide an island for thoughtful perspective on our own tumultuous world.


We begin with Quaker Days, June 18-19, held in conjunction with Macedon Academy as part of I Love NY’s Pathway through History. Join us for the dedication of a marker for Susan B. Anthony at Canandaigua Courthouse on Saturday at 10:00. Then travel to the Macedon Academy (Route 31F) for an open house, refreshments, and book sale. At 1:00 p.m., Peter Evans, Wayne County Historian, will discuss local citizen General Gordon Granger and his announcement in Texas of freedom to all enslaved people, initiating Juneteenth. At 2:30, a panel will discuss current efforts for peace and justice in our own region. 


Events on Sunday, June 19, will be held in Farmington at Farmington Friends Meeting (187 County Road 8) and across the road at the 1816 Farmington Quaker Meetinghouse (230 Sheldon Road). From 12:30-2:00, there will be children’s activities, book sale, and light refreshments, at 1:00, we will dedicate a new nature trail behind the 1816 Meetinghouse. Judith Wellman will talk at 2:00 on “Seneca Falls, Quakers, and Race” at 2:00. We will end with a short vigil for peace in our world at 4:00. For copy of a card with this information, click here.


Subsequent programs include:


July 17, 2022 —Lynne McKenney Lydick presenting abolitionist and women's rights activist Abby Kelley Foster. (Granger Homestead, Canandaigua). 


August (20) — The Women Who Influenced Frederick Douglass, by Rochester-based living history presenters, Akwaaba. (Cobblestone Art Center, Farmington).


September 24, 2022 — Restorative justice panel discussion featuring representatives of Partners in Restorative Initiatives (, Center for Dispute Settlement (, the Levine Center to End Hate (, and Gwen Olton, Gandhi Center for Nonviolence ( (Wood Library, Canandaigua).


October 1, 2022 — Laurence M Hauptman, "Reflections on a Fifty-Year Journey through Haudenosaunee Country: Major Insights Gained about the Six Nations." (Ganondagan Historic Site).


November 12, 2022 —Indigenous artist and educator Marissa Corwin Manitowabi ( (Ganondagan Historic Site).


Stay tuned!


Dedication of Marker for Hester Jeffrey, Memorial African Methodist Episcopal Church, Rochester


Board members Mary-Kay Belant and Judith Wellman and incoming Board member Robin Nowell attended a dedication ceremony for a National Votes for Women Trail marker for Hester Jeffrey, member of Memorial AME Zion Church and friend of Susan B. Anthony. Robin Nowell, church historian, portrayed Hester Jeffrey. We are so grateful to Rev. Derrill Blue, pastor, Memorial AME Zion; Robin Nowell, Historian; and all members of Memorial AME Zion Church for doing this! 


When Memorial AMEZ Church was built in 1906, Hester Jeffrey helped raise money for several stained-glass memorial windows, including ones for Susan B. Anthony and Harriet Tubman. Anthony’s window was the very first public monument to Anthony anywhere in the country. For more information on Hester Jeffrey, click here. (


Rev. Derrill Blue, Pastor, Memorial African Methodist Episcopal Church; Coleen Hurst, Trustee Emerita, Susan B. Anthony House; Robin Nowell (a.k.a. Hester Jeffrey), historian, Memorial AME Zion and incoming Board member, 1816 Meetinghouse; Judith Wellman, Vice-President, National Collaborative of Women’s History Sites and Chair, National Votes for Women Trail Advisory Committee.

Photo by Mary-Kay Belant.

1816 Meetinghouse: New electrical line

We are delighted to report that, thanks to Board member Dave Bruinix and volunteers Jacob Deys (excavator), Jerry Johnston (electrician), and Maeve Johnston, we now have components installed for an electrical line to run to the corner of the 1816 Meetinghouse. When installation is finished, we will await inspection and approval from RG&E before we will have service. We are so grateful to Jacob Deys and the Johnston family for all of their help. We could not do this without you! Photos by Dave Bruinix.

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Jacob Deys excavating trench for electrical line.

Jerry Johnston and Maeve Johnston working on electrical line.

1816 Meetinghouse Receives Historic Preservation Fund Grant for Restoration

We have wonderful news! The 1816 Farmington Quaker Meetinghouse Museum just received a grant of $483,727 from the Historic Preservation Fund, administered by the National Park Service for historic sites relating to Equal Rights. We were the only organization in New York State to receive this grant and one of only ten in the U.S. This will go a long way toward the total of about $700,000 needed to finish both exterior and interior restoration of the 1816 Meetinghouse. For more details, click here.

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Board members and volunteers for 1816 Farmington Quaker Meetinghouse hold up “This Place Matters” signs from National Trust for Historic Preservation, 2018.

Photo by Reginald Neale

Rangers from Women’s Rights National Historical Park in Seneca Falls visit the 1816 Meetinghouse


Five Rangers and staff from Women’s Rights National Historical Park in Seneca Falls visited the 1816 Farmington Quaker Meetinghouse on May 13, 2022. 


Board member Charles Lenhart presents a poster to Janine Waller, Chief of Interpretation and Education at the Park, with names of descendants of people who attended the 1848 Seneca Falls women’s rights convention.

Photo by Judith Wellman

Survey for quotes for nature trail signs


If you have not yet filled out the Google survey form to help us choose the best quotes to put on our nature trail signs, you can do so here.


Last day for survey is Friday, May 20. Stay tuned for the results!

Nature Trail Signs: We Need Your Help! 

We are developing plans for signs along our new Peace Trail, and we need your help. 


This trail, dedicated to peace in our world, meanders through the woods adjacent to a wetlands area behind the Meetinghouse. It is 400 yards long and six feet wide, covered with a bed of woodchips.  At points along the trail are small peninsulas, where we will place benches and signs. A local Eagle Scout has volunteered to build the benches, and a local signage company, Ewing Graphics, will produce these signs. We are grateful to Carol Elaine Deys for inspiring this trail and to Dave Bruinx for building it. 

These signs will bear words from men and women of European, Native, and African descent, all associated with the 1816 Meetinghouse. 


We need to your help to choose which words to put on these signs. Here are twenty quotations, five each in four categories of people associated with the 1816 Meetinghouse: Quakers, African Americans (abolitionism and the Underground Railroad), women’s rights activists, and Seneca people. To vote, please follow the link here to a google form and select one quote from each category that you feel is the most fitting. The two quotes with the most answers from each category will be used on the trail. Please feel free to share this email and the survey so that we might get as much feedback as possible. 


Thank you in advance for your feedback! 

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Annual Report 2021 & Liberty Award 

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We are pleased to send you our annual report for 2021, outlining our six programs on women (including a focus on African American women and the struggle for women’s suffrage, as well as a talk by Michelle Shenandoah on efforts of Haudenosaunee women to reclaim their historic roles through rematriation). We also highlight the beginnings of our new nature trail dedicated to peace in our world. Finally, we welcome our new Board members, and honor you, our amazing donors. We could not do this without you!


To view our 2021 Annual Report, either visit the page on our website, or simply click the PDF button to the right to be directed to the report. 

We are pleased to note that our long-time friend and colleague Dr. David Anderson, received New York State’s prestigious Liberty Award.  In 2018, the 1816 Farmington Quaker Meetinghouse Museum honored both Professor Anderson and Ruth Anderson with our Carrying on the Vision award for their lifetime commitment to interpreting African American history and culture to a wide variety of audiences.

Women's History Month

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In honor of Women’s History Month, we highlight Farmington’s role in the early women’s rights movement. We say the names of early women’s rights advocates here to help us remember that individual local action makes a difference for all of us, past and present. 


Through three articles from Yes! Magazine, we also present examples of the diversity of work for women’s rights, highlighting deaf women suffragists, as well as contemporary women of Native and African descent. These stories suggest the impact of work that Americans began in Farmington and elsewhere before the Civil War. 


Today, thousands of Americans visit Women’s Rights National Historical Park in Seneca Falls, New York. The Park commemorates the first women’s rights convention in the U.S., held on July 19-20, 1848. Elizabeth Cady Stanton initiated the idea for this convention, but all the main organizers were Quakers. Just as no woman’s rights convention would have occurred in Seneca Falls in 1848 without Stanton, so it would not have occurred without these egalitarian Friends. Stanton was the catalyst, Friends transformed the idea into action. 


Based on the Declaration of Independence, the Seneca Falls Declaration of Sentiments stated that “all men and women are created equal.” Of the 100 signers of this document, at least twenty-five were Friends. Homes and workplaces for many of these still stand in central New York At least nine signers came from the Farmington-Macedon area: William and Caroline Barker, Eliab W. Capron, Elias and Susan Doty, Catharine Fish Stebbins, Esek and Maria W Wilbur. And Elizabeth D. Smith. Four Friends came with Frederick Douglass from Rochester: Amy Post, Sarah Hallowell, Mary Hallowell, and Catharine Fish Stebbins. All of these were also active in movements for the abolition of slavery. Many worked for Seneca land rights. Several also lived at the Sodus Bay Phalanx, a utopian community that lived in the former Shaker community at Sodus Bay


Several signers came form Seneca County, associated with Junius Monthly Meeting in Waterloo. These included Stephen Shear, of Junius, as well as Thomas Dell, William Dell, Rachel Dell Bonnel, Margaret and Azaliah Schooley, and George and Margaret Pryor, plus four members of the M’Clintock family, or Waterloo. Thomas M’Clintock was Clerk of Genesee Yearly Meeting of Friends at Farmington, 1838-43: Mary Ann M’Clintock and daughters Elizabeth and Mary Ann helped organize the convention. Five members of the extended Hunt family also attended, including Jane Hunt and Richard P. Hunt; Richard’s sisters Hannah Hunt Plant and Lydia Hunt Mount; and Lydia’s daughter Mary Mount Vail. Of all the signers, only Rhoda Palmer, a Quaker from Geneva lived long enough to vote. 


Other Quakers supported the movement immediately after the convention, joining Amy Post, Mary Hallowell, Catharine Fish Stebbins, Elizabeth M’Clintock, and others in helping organize the second women’s rights convention in Rochester, New York, on August 2, 1848. This event attracted many African American abolitionists as well as advocates for working women. In Farmington, Phebe Hathaway wrote to Elizabeth Cady Stanton about inviting Lucy Stone to lecture. Phebe’s brother J.C. Hathaway attended the first national women’s rights convention in Worcester, Massachusetts, in 1850, with Pliny Sexton, a Quaker from Palmyra. 


Many of these reform-minded Friends left the transnational Genesee Yearly Meeting (Hicksite) when it met in the 1816 Meetinghouse in June 1848. On October 6, 1848, these reformers returned to the 1816 Meetinghouse to organize a new Quaker Yearly Meeting called the Congregational Friends (Later the Progressive Friends and then the Friends of Human Progress). They invited Elizabeth Cady Stanton to give the keynote address at this organizational meeting. 


This inclusive group focused on the “promotion of truth and practical goodness.” They welcomed not only the Quakers but “Chirstians, Jews, Mahammedans, and Pagans, men  and women of all names and no name,” united by the “LAW of LOVE.” Meeting annually until the 1880s at Junius Meeting in Waterloo, they embraced reformers of African as well as European descent (including Frederick Douglass, Charles Lenox Remond, Lucretia Mott, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and Susan B. Anthony). They formed the core of the American Equal Rights Association, arguing for universal suffrage for all citizens, after the civil war. 


When New York State finally recognized the rights of women to vote in 1917 (followed by the Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution in 1920), many Farmington women, like thousands elsewhere, went for the first time to the polls. As we do the same, we remember their legacy. 


To remind us of the breadth and depth of work for women’s rights, here are three recent articles from Yes! Magazine:



  1.  “The Deaf Women Suffragists Left Out of History Books”


  1. “5 Indigenous Women Asserting the Modern Matriarchy” highlights five Native women in the West.


  1. “Remembering bell hooks, a Revolutionary Who Led with Love,” tells the story of a powerful woman writer who emphasized both the intersectionality of social movements and the love that animates them.


For more information about Farmington and women rights see:: 


1. “Women’s History: Farmington Quaker Meetinghouse,” Video produced by WCNY, the public television station in Syracuse.


2. Ontario County. “Catharine Fish Stebbins,” and Farmington voters in Suffrage-Farmington, Ontario County Historical Society.


3. Wayne County. Judith Wellman, Marjory Allen Perez, with Charles Lenhart and others, Uncovering the Underground Railroad, Abolitionism, and African American Life in Wayne County, New York, 1820-1880 (Lyons: Wayne County Historian’s Office, 2012).


3. Seneca County. Judith Wellman with Tanya Warren, Discovering the Underground Railroad, Abolitionism, and African American Life in Seneca County, New York, 1820-1880 (Waterloo, New York: Seneca County Historian’s Office, 2006).


4. Western New York Suffragists: Winning the Vote, Rochester Regional Library Council


5. Nancy Hewitt, Radical Friend: Amy Kirby Post and Her Activist Worlds (University of North Caroline Press, 2018).


6. Judith Wellman, Road to Seneca Falls: Elizabeth Cady Stanton and the First Women’s Rights Convention (University of Illinois Press, 2004). 


7. Historic Structure Report, 1816 Farmington Quaker Meetinghouse (2017)

Fannie Lou Hamer: Is This America?

The video of Fannie Lou Hamer: Is This America is now available for viewing on You Tube.    Visit our You Tube Channel, or watch below. With this addition our entire 2021 season of six programs is available here.


Civil rights activist Fannie Lou Hamer (1917-1977) helped organize the 1964 Freedom Summer African American voter drive in Mississippi.  She founded the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party in 1964 in response to the racist policies of the Mississippi Democrats and led a delegation to the Democratic National Convention in Atlantic City, NY that year.


Akwaaba: The Heritage Associates, a Rochester based group of storytellers and reenactors provides this dramatic reenactment of Hamer that includes narrative interpreters, song, and original footage of Hamer's life and speeches. 

Dear Friends of the 1816 Farmington Quaker Meetinghouse Museum

Thank you for your ongoing support for the work of the Meetinghouse Museum! We are grateful for the progress you have helped make possible on restoration efforts and programs, despite continued struggle with pandemic issues. We appreciate you all.


Since last fall, our board welcomed new members, bolstered by folks rotating off (including Kathy Hendrix, Barbara Popenhusen, and Sue Stehling), who worked throughout the year to assure continuity. 


We remain committed to providing experiences that expand our visitors’ understanding of the significance of the 1816 Meetinghouse and movements for equal rights in the Finger Lakes region and across the country. This year, we broke ground for a nature trail where we will install signage relevant to our mission of equal rights. In cooperation with local organizations, we presented six free programs, focusing on the “Struggle for Women’s Suffrage: Race and Politics” and on Michelle Shenandoah’s work on “Rematriation.” We have also started a project to transcribe manuscripts relating to Seneca-Quaker efforts to save Seneca lands after the 1838 Treaty of Buffalo Creek. And we continue to apply for state and federal grants to support Meetinghouse restoration.


We hope you will remain with us on this journey, whether by attending our programs, visiting our website ( and Facebook page, or traveling to Farmington – perhaps all of these!


Your contributions are the foundation on which we can build both the physical structure and the vision that sustains us all – of equal rights, respect, and justice for all people, and of our own responsibility for creating that world. To make a contribution, scroll down to Donate button and click the donate button. 

We are deeply grateful for your interest and contributions!

Struggle For Women's Suffrage Event Videos

The video of our fifth and last program in our series “Struggle for Women’s Suffrage: Politics and Race” is now available for viewing on YouTube. You can watch “Mary Ann Shadd Cary: Black Women and the Early Suffrage Movement” presented by Jane Rhodes, professor and department head, African American Studies, University of Illinois at Chicago.  Shadd Cary was the first Black woman in North America to edit and publish a newspaper, one of the first Black female lawyers in North America and an advocate for voting rights for women. Rhodes has called her both a friend and foe of Frederick Douglass.  Visit our Youtube Channel, or watch below. 

You can also watch the last program of the 2021 season, “Rematriation: Returning the Sacred to the Mother”  presented by Michelle Schenandoah, on our Facebook page, or by clicking here:  

Rematriation is an Indigenous women-led movement happening across Turtle Island and Indigenous spaces, that includes historical truth telling, cultural revitalization, food sovereignty, water protection, land back and community healing. Michelle Schenandoah is an inspirational speaker, writer, thought leader and traditional member of the Onʌyota':aka (Oneida) Nation Wolf Clan of the Haudenosaunee Confederacy. She is the founder of Rematriation Magazine. Raised in a family of traditional leadership, she carries the values and responsibilities of being a Haudenosaunee woman throughout her life.

This talk explored these actions and provided an opportunity for participant discussion. This program was made possible with the support of our Co-Sponsor Friends of Ganondagan, a grant from the Indian Affairs Committee, NY Yearly Meeting and Humanities NY.

You can also watch "The Famous Friendship of Susan B. Anthony and Frederick Douglass", presented by Carol Faulkner, a professor of history at Syracuse University as well as  "Hester Jeffrey: Temperance; Suffrage; Political Action", presented by Susan Goodier, professor at SUNY Oneonta, “Frances Ellen Watkins Harper: Poet, Activist, Reformer” presented by Marcia Robinson, Asst. Professor of Religion, Syracuse University, and Fannie Lou Hamer: Is this America? presented by Akwaaba: heritage Associates. You can either click the videos below to watch, or visit our YouTube channel

Canandaigua Treaty & Transcription Project 

“We the womn [sic] of the Tonawanda, . . . are astonished to hear that the Tonawanda Reservation, we have to give up.” 

            Petition sent to President John Tyler, March 14, 1842, by 207 Seneca women at Tonawanda.


This November is National American Indian Heritage Month. It is also the 227th anniversary of the Canandaigua Treaty, with a celebration organized by our sister site Ganondagan in Canandaigua on November 11, 2021, 2:00 p.m. ( This will also be on Facebook live. For more on the Canandaigua Treaty, see G. Peter Jemison and Anna M. Schein, Treaty of Canandaigua, 1794 (Santa Fe, New Mexico: Clear Light Publishers, 2000).


Article I of the Canandaigua Treaty states: “Peace and friendship are hereby firmly established, and shall be perpetual, between the United States and the Six Nations.” Quakers were witnesses to this Treaty. Its provisions remain unchanged today. But the road has not been easy. 


To honor the Canandaigua Treaty and to help us understand better the historic connections between Seneca people and Quakers, we share this transcription of a petition drafted on March 14, 1842, and sent to President John Tyler by 207 Tonawanda Seneca women. This draft is located in the Post Family Papers at the University of Rochester and is reprinted with their permission: 


Amy and Isaac Post were Rochester Quakers, affiliated with Genesee Yearly Meeting at Farmington. Why do you think this draft petition from Tonawanda women was among the papers of a Quaker family? 


Tonawanda March 14th 1842

His Excellency

John Tyler [illegible]

President of the U.S.


Father, – We write to you, & hear our words. His excellency will, we pray most earnestly, to listen us. We the women of our race, feel troubled with deep anxiety, for our children, who are in our hands. Feel as tho we are binded up with our children in our t arms. And we pray you our Great Father [illegible], the President, to unlace our bondage, which gives ^us^ much pain.


Our Great Father, the President — We the womn [sic] of the Tonawanda, have exerted our influence, in trying to [have?] our Chiefs to be united in their minds in ^their^ councils & they have done so, — not one of our Chiefs here, have signed the Treaty, and we are astonished to hear that the Tonawanda Reservation, is to be sol we have to give up. All our women of the other [illegible] reservations, of the Seneca Nation, are of the same mind, all are in trouble. We therefore pray you our Great Friend, to remove our troubles, and ^we^ would take hold your hand, for protection, and ^We^ ask the Great Spirit to grant our requests, and aid us, —


Our Great Father, — You may be astonished to hear this from us — as we have never done so before. We think much, and lov are attached to places these places, which the Great Spirit has given to his Red Children of this Country. Our Great Father — We will say with ^as^ our chiefs have said repeatedly in ^their^ councils, and when a gin [sic] [again]. council was opened at Cattaraugus, two years ago, by J. R. Poinsett, late Secretary of War,” the same was repeated by our Chiefs, that [we are willing?] that the emigrating party should have their proportion & share of their lands and dispose of it. The former Treaties made with our nation, by George Washington the first President, is good, — the continuation of which is compared to the sun rises & sets, and waters continue to flow, — Washington trusted in the Great Spirit, and he


[page 2]


was ^crowned with^ success. By his wisdom, this country is blest with freedom and human rights, — and it is given to us also, to enjoy our freedom, —


The number of our women here are two hundred and seven.

(page 2)


Our Father the President, This is all we have to say.



Minerva X BlackSmith

Widow X LittBeard

Susan X BlackSmith

Jo-no-que-no, X

Gar-near-no-wih, X

O-no-dǫ X

D[a]e wạ does X

Gar-e-was-ha-dus, X



[page 2 bottom margin] [in pencil]

Indian Women,



Transcribed October 2021 by Mary-Kay Belant and M.J. Heisey


Context: In 1842, Seneca people—women as well as men—were in a desperate battle to retain their homelands. Just as the Cherokee had been forced to leave their ancestral lands Georgia, so federal officials hoped to remove all Haudenosaunee from their historic homes in New York State to land west of the Mississippi River. In 1838, they developed the Treaty of Buffalo Creek. This treaty was, wrote historian Laurence M. Hauptman, “one of the major frauds in American Indian history.” 


Seneca councils refused to sign this treaty. They invited Quakers to meet with them at Cattaraugus and Buffalo Creek to help plan resistance. In June 1840, Quakers from Genesee Yearly Meeting invited Senecas to meet at the 1816 Farmington Quaker Meetinghouse. Quakers from Baltimore, New York, and Philadelphia Yearly Meetings also attended. 


Lengthy, complicated, and often dramatic negotiations led to a proposed Supplemental Treaty in 1842. By that treaty, Senecas would keep their homelands at Cattaraugus and Allegany but would lose Buffalo Creek and Tonawanda. 


It was a sad, sad time for everyone. Resistance of Tonawanda men and women led to a new agreement in 1857, by which they remained at Tonawanda. But Buffalo Creek, now part of the City of Buffalo, was lost to Seneca people forever. 

Looking to the Future

On May 13, we had a walk-through of our planned nature trail, a Walk for Freedom inspired by Carol Elaine Deys, our long-time and much-loved Board member. 


Carol has experience in developing these trails. As a volunteer in Macedon, she worked on a Butterfly Trail and a Tasha Tudor storybook trail. (See article by Julie Sherwood in the Daily Messenger:).


These trails are beautiful examples of what a community can do when it comes together for the common good. Many thanks to Dave Bruinix, trail master, for his help in doing this work, and to Peter Ingalsbe, Farmington Town Supervisor, and Dan Delpriore, Code Enforcement Officer, for their help in laying this out.  

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Dave Bruinix pointing the way from the meadow into the woods. 

Photo by Stacey Vandenburgh

Searching for a good site for a serenity garden at the end of the trail.

Photo by Reginald Neale

To make a contribution, please click the Donate button, or mail us a check at P.O. Box 25053 Farmington, NY 14425. Your support is greatly appreciated, and helps us sustain this organization, as well as make improvements to our beloved Meetinghouse. 

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2021 Board Members

Mary-Kay Belant — Willie Bontrager— Dave Bruinix — Joan Bryant — Florence Cardella — Matthew Cooley — Carol Elaine Deys — Peter Evans — Douglas Fisher — Charles Lenhart — Ann Morton — Reginald Neale  —

Diane Robinson — Stacey VanDenburgh — Judith Wellman

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